Asya Karapetyan
Content marketer, who specializes in Mac how-to guides
March 17, 2022
5 minutes to read

Most of the time, Internet users do not pay much attention to the URL address when browsing, at least if they do not need to follow a link copied from somewhere to the clipboard. Sometimes we look there to make sure that the transition is correct, especially when it comes to quick and dishonest redirection. But, if you take a careful look at the address, you may notice a Lock icon of different colors near the URL and different types of addresses, starting with HTTP or HTTPS. If you don’t know what is the difference between HTTP and HTTPS and why HTTPS is important, follow our article. Today, we will explain what S in HTTPS stands for and how to secure your data when visiting websites or doing online shopping.

http vs https


  1. What does HTTP stand for?
  2. How does HTTPS work?
  3. HTTP and HTTPS: what’s the difference?
  4. How to secure your data when visiting websites?

What does HTTP stand for?

HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol) is an application protocol for transferring data over a network, which is currently used to obtain information from websites. The HTTP in networking is based on the use of client-server technology: the client, who is sending the request, is the initiator of the connection; the server, which is receiving the request, executes it and sends the result to the client.

A significant disadvantage of HTTP is the insecurity of the transmitted information. This is unacceptable when it comes to confidential data during any payment transaction and so on.


How does HTTPS work?

Now, let’s see how HTTPS works. Since HTTP and HTTPS are very similar to each other, not every user feels the difference between them. In short, HTTPS has an additional level of protection, using a special protocol for data – HTTPS encryption or SSL.

The letter “S” in the name of the HTTPS protocol means “Secure” – protection. This protocol is used to transfer encrypted data.
HTTPS is responsible for ensuring that data is transmitted fully, without loss. The SSL protocol processes the transmitted information and encrypts it from third parties. By acting together, HTTPS and SSL reliably protect data from hacking and leaks. The search engines fix this important difference from HTTP and check it when displaying a site in a search.

If the site is not protected by an SSL certificate, the “Not secured” mark will appear next to the address in the URL address line. It warns the user that it is not safe to pay for services on the site, send personal data through forms and even like or share posts using social networks. http protocol

HTTP and HTTPS differences



80 443
Encryption no yes
Protocol data transferring protocol used to obtain information from websites HTTP protocol extension that supports SSL and TLS encryption
Security Not secure Secure

The HTTPS secure protocol is generally used to protect confidential data and financial information transmitted via the Internet, for example, to protect online store operations, registration data in social networks, or information about online banking system users.

But, when you are working with online stores, online banking and so on, be careful because there are many intruders who want to hack the information and steal money. That’s why it is important to pay attention at the URL address when you enter any confidential information on any website. However, HTTPS alone doesn’t guarantee that your data is secured. If you want to protect yourself from identity thefts and be safe when shopping online, we recommend that you use more secure ways of protecting your personal data. Keep reading to learn more about that.

How to secure your data when being online

Thus, the HTTPS means that the connection between your browser and the website you visit is encrypted. Yes, with this encryption, it is much more difficult for an attacker to access your personal data. But today, when the number of attackers is increasing and with Internet users’ safety becoming more vulnerable, we recommend that you use professional tools, designed to protect your private data:

  • Email encryption services
  • VPN
  • Firewalls
  • Password managers
  • Search engines that do not recognize the IP address and do not store the client cookies
  • Programs that detect vulnerable or open ports on your system
  • Antiviruses
  • Add-ons for browsers that recognize and block ad networks, web analytics tools and links to social networks, and as a result, restrict any monitoring of the user
  • Services for creating temporary accounts



Some of these services will significantly increase the level of your online security. Our personal choice is to use a VPN (virtual private network). VPN encrypts not only your data when browsing, but also any data you transfer from your device, including email applications, messengers and so on. A VPN app will help you to prevent identity theft, bypass Internet censorship and avoid intrusive advertising. In our previous article, you can learn more about a VPN or you can try it right now by downloading a free trial version of VPN Client from the App Store.

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